Census Enumerators' Books

Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. In 1851 householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationships to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered. In 1891 householders were asked how many rooms (if less than five) their family occupied and additional occupational data was collected.

The enumerator then collected the census schedules and these were copied into census enumerators’ books. The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. In this case the street indexes should list a series of folio references.

Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO archive. The books were then filmed in 1970 to prevent the increasing usage from destroying these fragile records.

You may find the odd torn or mutilated page but in general the records have survived in remarkable condition considering the heavy usage they have had.

Details the census can provide

  • Full name
  • Exact age
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Sex
  • Occupation
  • Parish and county of birth
  • Medical disabilities
  • Employment status

The Census is arranged by Registration District and Sub-Districts with Street Indexes for areas of high population.

Census Page


Piece number

Normally contains between 100-400 pages.

A PRO reference number

refers to a number of Enumeration Districts represented by a file HO107-XXX (XXX = piece number).

Enumeration District

This refers to a group of streets and has a special sheet listing which streets are in the following pages.


(Reference to two pages). The original book pages were stamped with a folio number on every other page in the top right-hand corner.

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